Hi! This is Carl Weatherby. I’ve been an HVAC tech for 3 years. I’ve installed a lot of water softeners. I wanted to share some tips with you. It’s good to know these things before buying a water softener system.
When water contains unusual amounts of magnesium and calcium, it is referred to as hard water. Hard water interferes with pipes and clog piping systems. Water softening is a technique that removes the ions that cause the water to become hard. Calcium, iron and magnesium ions are removed during the water softening process. There are special equipment designed to achieve this task. They are called water softeners.
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Hard water clog pipes, and soap dissolves less easily in such water. Water softeners are used to prevent these negative effects. Hard water causes more lime scale deposits in household water systems. When pipes are blocked, the efficiency of tanks and hot boilers are reduced significantly. The cost of domestic water heating can increase at least by 20% due to this reason. Hard water can damage household machinery such as washing machines. This is where the importance of a water softener comes in handy. A quality water softener can extend the lifespan of household machines. The lifespan of pipelines too can be increased with a quality water softener.
Water softeners are designed to remove ions through ion exchanges. The softener will remove calcium, magnesium and iron ions effectively. Softeners can remove up to five milligrams per liter of dissolved iron. Softeners come as manual, semi-automatic and automatic. These softeners are rated based on the amount of harness it can remove. The softener will collect the hardness minerals in a conditioning tank and flush them away on a periodical basis. During the water softening process, calcium and magnesium ions are exchanged with sodium and potassium ions.
A quality water softener can last for many years. They require some maintenance for durability. Water softeners are available as salt and salt less softeners. Salt based water softeners operate via an electronic-metered valve mounted on top of a resin tank. This tank will meter water by the gallon before running a cleaning cycle when the ion resin bed reaches saturation point. The electronic valve will cycle a series of back flushes to purge the hardness of the water. It will be flushed down the drain consequently. The salt less water softener works by retaining the minerals in the water but changing their form so that they will not adhere to the surface. Water is processed through a catalytic media with the help of a physical process known as Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC). The hardness minerals are converted into a hardness crystal that will not bind to the surface.
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Fleck, Aquasana and Culligan are some of the most popular brands when it come to water softeners. Fleck has been active in the water softening industry for more than 50-years now. Fleck leads the way in advancing control valve technology and filtration applications. Fleck water softeners are available in numerous models and styles. They are priced from $500 to $1000 depending on the capacity. Culligan is another household name in the water softening industry. It has more than 75-years of home water treatment experience. They have come up with some of the most advanced, state of the art water softening technology. Aquasana is another popular brand of water softeners. It is an American brand that manufactures water softeners and filters. They offer different kinds of water treatment products to the general public. Aquasana products are priced between $300 and $800 on the market.
The aforementioned information provides a comprehensive overview of water softeners. It highlights some of the most popular water softener brands on the market.